List of Common Hemp Terminology

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  • #100001222
    Carlo Suits
    Moderator

    Aeroponics
    A method of growing without soil, nourishing the plants with only a nutrient-rich mist

    Aquaponics
    Similar to hydroponics, plants are grown and nourished by the excretion and waste of the animals, usually fish, creating a symbiotic environment.

    Auto flowering Cannabis
    A strain of cannabis that automatically enters the flowering stage on its own time, around 2-4 weeks, rather than a strain that is dependent on light/dark cycles for the flowering stage to occur.

    Biomass
    A blanket term often used in the hemp world, it refers generally to renewable organic material from plants and animals. Many people use biomass to indicate hemp buds and flowers, however hemp biomass is technically defined as the stalks and post-extracted material.

    Buds
    The flower of the hemp plant.

    Cannabidiol
    Commonly known as CBD, it is a phytocannabinoid found in the Cannabis plant that aids with anxiety, inflammation, pain, and many other health concerns.

    Cannabinoids
    A class of diverse chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant (THC, CBD)

    Cannabinol
    A lightly psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, found often in aged plants.

    CB1/ CB2 Receptors
    Cannabinoid receptors found on white blood cells (CB2) and the nerve cells in the brain (CB1)

    Clone
    Asexual reproduction of a cannabis plant. Rooted cuttings that are genetically identical to the plant that they were cloned from.

    CBG
    Cannabigerol, a minor cannabinoid found in Cannabis Sativa L

    Concentrate
    A cannabis product derived from cannabis flower, then processed into a concentrated form.

    Crystal
    A highly concentrated crystalline form of isolate.

    Decarboxylation
    A chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2), caused by time and heat. Decarboxylation “activates” the cannabis, enhancing the effects of the cannabinoids.

    Distillate
    A cannabis extract that reduces the material down into a specific cannabinoid.

    Endocannabinoid System
    A biological system that occurs organically in humans and animals which aids in the regulation of physiological and cognitive processes in the body.

    Extract
    A product derived from cannabis that has been processed into a concentrated state.

    Feminized seeds
    Seeds that are engineered to only produce female plants.

    Flavonoid
    Phytonutrients that are found in plants, fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids unique to the cannabis plant are known as cannaflavins. They affect the color, aroma, and flavors of the plant.

    Flower
    A term used to describe the buds of the plant.

    Full spectrum
    A concentrate that uses the entire cannabinoid and terpene contents of the raw cannabis plant.

    Hempcrete
    A sustainable, bio-composite building material that is made from hemp shive (see below), mixed with a lime-based binder.

    Hurd
    Another term for shives, the core fiber of the hemp plant.

    Hydroponics
    A growing method that takes place in water, where floating plants are fed a diet of nutrient-rich water.

    Indica / Sativa / Ruderalis / Hybrid
    Subspecies of the cannabis plant, each with unique properties and effects. A hybrid is the combination of these subspecies.

    Industrial Hemp
    Cannabis that contains 0.3% THC or less

    Isolate
    A fine white powder, the purest form of cannabis.

    Mother plants
    A plant with unique characteristics grown specifically to take cuttings from to make clones.

    Nano CBD
    CBD oil made using nanoparticle technology, resulting in greater bioavailability and quicker absorption.

    Propagation
    A process of creating new plants, either by sexual propagation or asexual propagation. Asexual propagation (cloning) takes a part of a parent plant, which then regenerates into a new plant. Sexual propagation is the exchange of genes by parent plants to produce a new generation of plants.

    Shive
    The inner woody portion of the hemp stalk.

    Shucked hemp
    Cleaned hemp, free of contaminants such as seeds, insects and plant parts.

    Strains/cultivar
    Varieties of the cannabis plant. Some common hemp cultivars and strains are: Elektra, Berry Blossom, Lifter, and Cherry Wine.

    Terpenes
    Aromatic oils that define cannabis with distinct flavors. Initially produced by the plant to repel predators and attract pollinators.

    #100002260
    Keith Knudson
    Participant

    Great list!! Just adding a couple terms!
    Broad Spectrum
    Concentrate that has been extracted from the cannabis plant with all of the other compounds from the plant except for THC

    Daughter Plants
    Plants that are propagated (cloned) from the mother plant.

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